relations, wanted yesterday but two voices, and is still most likely to succeed. Cardinal Altieri has been sent for from Albano, whither he was retired on account of his brother's death", and his own illness, and where he was to stay till the Election drew nigh. There! there is a sufficient quantity of Conclave news I think. We have miserable weather for the season. Could you think I was writing to you by my fireside at Eome in the middle of May ? the common people say 'tis occasioned by the Pope's soul, which cannot find rest. How goes your war? We are persuaded here of an additional one with France; Lord! it will be dreadful to return thro' Germany. I don't know who cooks up the news here, but we have some strange piece every day. One that is much in vogue, and would not be disagreeable for us, is, that the Czarine7 has clapt the Marquis de la Ch6tardie8 in prison; one must hope till some months hence, 'tis all contradicted. I am balancing in great uncertainty, whether to go to Naples, or to stay here. You know 'twould be provoking to have a Pope chosen just as one's back is turned: and if I wait, I fear the heats may arrive. I don't know what to do. We are going to-night to a great assemblee at one of the villas just out of the city, whither all the English are invited °; amongst the rest Mr. Stuard and his two sons10. sdirieux, si ce n'est que parce que c'est un snjet mediocre.' (De Brasses.) 6 ' Les deux Altieri, de haute nais-sance, neveux de Clement X. Le premier est attentif, exact; le second tout uni: tous deux bonnes gens. Le premier est estun6, 1'autre jouit depeude consid6ration.! (De Brosses.) Giovanni Battista Altieri d. 1740; Lorenzo Altieri d. 1741. 7 Anne, Empress of Eussia (1730-1740). 8 Joachim Jacques Trotti (1705-1759), Marquis de la Ch6tardie; Ambassador to Eussia, 1739-42. He was the lover of Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great. Her accession to the throne (1741) was largely due to his intrigues. The report of his imprisonment was unfounded. 9 See Gray's letter from Tivoli, May 20,1740. 10 James Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender), Charles Edward Stuarb (the Young Pretender), and Henry Benedict Stuart (afterwards Cardinal of York).